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PIC Microcontroller Projects for Final Year Engineering Students

The abbreviation of PIC is the “Peripheral  Interface Controller”, and it is a family of the microcontroller. This microcontroller is manufactured by various companies like the microchip, NXP etc. This microcontroller comprises Analog to digital converters, memories, timers/counters, serial communication and interrupts assembled into a single IC. When we select PIC microcontrollers for PIC projects or embedded projects on electronics or electrical domains, there are several options for us, ranging from 8-bit to 32-bits. There are many types of microcontrollers are available like AVR, 8051, PIC and ARM. PIC microcontroller programming is done by using integrated development tools to perform many control operations.
PIC Microcontroller based Projects
PIC Microcontroller based Projects

PIC Microcontroller Based Projects

These microcontrollers are used in many applications like audio accessories, smart phones, video gaming devices, advanced medical devices, etc. You can get an idea about the list of top PIC microcontroller projects for engineering students by reading the below conceptual information.

PIC Microcontroller Based Measuring Solar Photovoltaic Power

The main objective of this project is to measure the solar cell parameters through multiple sensor data acquisition.
The power supply consists of a step-down transformer 230/12V, that steps down the voltage to 12V AC. This AC voltage  is converted to DC using a bridge rectifier, ripples are removed using a Capacitive filter and then it is regulated to +5V using a voltage regulator, which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other circuits.
PIC Microcontroller Based Measuring Solar Photovoltaic PowerProject Kit by Edgefxkits.com
PIC Microcontroller Based Measuring Solar Photovoltaic Power

This project uses a solar panel, that keeps monitoring the sunlight. In this project, various parameters of the solar panel like current, voltage, temperature or light intensity are monitored using a PIC microcontroller of the family PIC16F8.
The light intensity is monitored using an LDR sensor; similarly, the current by the current sensor; the voltage by the voltage divider principle and the temperature by the temperature sensor, respectively. All these data are displayed on an  LCD display, which is interfaced with the PIC microcontroller.

PIC Microcontroller based Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement

The main goal of this project is to detect a vehicle movement on highwaysand switch ON only a bunch of street lights ahead of it, and then to switch off the lights when the vehicle passes away from the lights to conserve energy. During the night time, all the lights on the highway remain ON for the vehicles, but lots of energy is wasted when there is no vehicle movement.
Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com
Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement 

This project gives a solution that helps conserve energy which is achieved by using sensors that sense an approaching vehicle on the highways, and then prompt a bunch of street lights ahead of the vehicle to switch on. As the vehicle passes by the street lights, the system automatically switches off the lights.
Presently, HID lamps are used in urban street lsystems; HID lamps work on the principle of gas discharge. Thus, the intensity is not controllable by any voltage reduction. In future, white LED based lamps will be replaced by HID lamps in the street lighting systems. Light intensity is also possible by PWM (pulse width modulation) which is generated by the PIC microcontroller.

Sensors that sense vehicles’ movement are placed on either side of the road to send signals to the microcontroller so as to switch on/off the LEDs. Thus, this project helps to conserve a lot of energy. Furthermore, this project can be developed by using suitable sensors not only to detect the failed street lights on the highway, but also to send SMSs to the control department through a GSM modem for corrective action.

PIC Microcontroller based Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights

This project is used to control the auto intensity of the street lights using  PIC microcontroller. This proposed system uses light emitting diodes in place of HID lamps in the street lighting system to conserve energy. PIC microcontroller is used to control the intensity of light by developing PWM signals that drives a MOSFET to switch the LEDs accordingly to the desired operation. The intensity of street lights is kept high during the peak hours; as the traffic on the roads tend to decrease slowly in the late night hours, the intensity also decreases gradually until morning. Finally, it completely shuts down at morning 6 and again resumes at 6pm in the evening. Furthermore, this project can be developed by integrating it with the solar panel, which helps convert the solar intensity into corresponding energy which is used to feed the highway lights.
Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com
Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights 

PIC Microcontroller based Density based Traffic Signal System

The main intention of this project is to develop a density based traffic signal system. This project uses a PIC microcontroller, which is interfaced duly with the sensors. Automatically, these sensors changes the timing of junction to accommodate movement of vehicles so as to avoid the unnecessary waiting time for the vehicles at the junction.
Density based Traffic Signal System Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com
Density based Traffic Signal System 

The sensors used in this project are IR, and photodiodes are in line of sight configuration across the loads to detect the density at the traffic signal. The density of the vehicles is measured in three zones;low, medium, high based on which timings are allotted accordingly.
Furthermore, this project can be enhanced by synchronizing all the traffic junctions in the cities by launching a network among them. The network can be wired or wireless. This synchronization will greatly help in reducing traffic congestion.

PIC Microcontroller based Medication Reminder

The main objective of this project is to design a medication reminder using a PIC microcontroller that reminds a patient to take the medicine on the set time. This project is best suited for elderly people. This proposed system reminds medicine with a buzzing sound and also displays the name of the medicine to be taken at that time.
PIC Microcontroller based Medication Reminder Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com
PIC Microcontroller based Medication Reminder 

This project uses a matrix keypad to store the respective time of a particular medicine. Based on an RTC interfaced to the microcontroller, the programmed time for the medicine is displayed on the LCD along with a buzzer sound to alert the patient about taking an appropriate medicine. The microcontroller used in this project is of PIC16F8 family and the RTC maintains an accurate time as it is supported by the crystal.

Furthermore, this project can be enhanced by integrating it with GSM technology, so that a patient receives a reminder through an SMS about the medicine he has to take on his/her cell phone. Also a provision to change the name of the medicine can be incorporated by interfacing this device with a PC.

Some More PIC Controller Projects

Here is a list of some more  microocntroller based projects.
  • Detecting Power Theft prior to feeding energy Meter and Intimating to Control Room by GSM
  • Speed Control Unit Designed for a DC Motor using PIC Microcontroller
  • Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights using PIC Microcontroller
  • Networking of Multiple Street Junction Signals for Better Traffic Management
  • Vehicle Movement Sensed LED Street Light with Idle Time Dimming
  • Cordless Mouse Features by TV Remote Using PIC Microcontroller
  • Measuring Solar Photovoltaic Power
  • Medication Reminder using PIC Microcontroller
  • PIC Controlled Dynamic Time Based City Traffic Signal
  • Using TV Remote as a Cordless Mouse for the Computer using PIC Microcontroller
  • Pre Stampede Monitoring and Alarm System using PIC Microcontroller
  • Portable Programmable Medication Reminder using PIC Microcontroller
  • Speed Synchronization of Multiple Motors In Industries using PIC Microcontroller
  • Synchronized Traffic Signals at Various Junctions using PIC Microcontroller
  • Energy Meter Billing with Load Control over GSM with User Programmable Number Features by PIC Microcontroller
  • Solar Energy Measurement System
  • Density based Traffic Signal System using PIC Microcontroller
  • RFID Based Device Control and Authentication using PIC Microcontroller
  • Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement
  • Vehicle Theft Intimation to the Owner on his Cell Phone by GSM with User Programmable Number Features using PIC Microcontroller

This is all about PIC microcontroller based project ideas. We believe that you might have got a better understanding of these project ideas. Furthermore, any queries regarding this article, or final year electronics projects you can approach us by commenting in the comment section below.

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