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Line Following Robotic Vehicle with Walking and Climbing Mechanism

The electro-mechanical device or machine used for various purposes and are controlled & operated with the help of programming techniques is called as a robot. The robots are various types based on their applications such as industrial robots, military robots, space robots, domestic robots, walking robots, climbing robots, and so on. The most advanced robotics projects are being developed for effectively using in various fields for several applications. In this article, let us discuss about a special type of robotics projects, namely line following robotic vehicle with walking and climbing mechanism.

Robotic Vehicle

Robotics Projects for Engineering Students
Robotics Projects for Engineering Students 

The robotic vehicles are special type of machines designed to move on the ground, in the air, under water and in space autonomously without a human on board. These robotic vehicles are controlled and operated by various sensors based control systems. The robotic vehicles are specially designed to use in conditions where human beings are unable to enter such as fire accidents, very high or very low temperatures, etc.,.

Line Follower Robot

Line Follower Robot by www.edgefxkits.com
Line Follower Robot 

The robotic vehicle which moves by following a specific path or line can be termed as a line follower robot. These line follower robots are specially used in industrial applications for special purposes such as transporting various parts or machinery or vehicles (cars, bikes, etc.,) by following the specific line from one point (generating unit) to another point (assembling unit).

Line Following Robotic Vehicle with Walking and Climbing Mechanism

The normal line following robotic vehicle with special features such as walking and climbing mechanism is one of the interesting robotics projects for engineering students, which can be used for several applications. Simple steps to design a line follower robot with walking and climbing mechanism are shown below.

Step1: Gathering required Components

Electrical and Electronic Components
Electrical and Electronic Components

The components required for designing line following robotic vehicle with walking and climbing mechanism are to be estimated based on robot application. Gather all the electrical and electronic components such as resistors, capacitors, IR transmitters, DC motors, transistors, robot body and photo diodes with appropriate ratings along with other parts such as cardboard, bolts, nuts, aluminum strips, etc., as per requirement. All the required components for designing robotics projects (project kits) can be easily purchased online from eCommerce websites such as www.edgefxkits.com.

Step2: Analyzing the Circuit for Line Follower Robot

Line Following Robotic Vehicle Expandable to Walking and Climbing Robot Block Diagram by www.edgefxkits.com
Line Following Robotic Vehicle Expandable to Walking and Climbing Robot Block Diagram 

Primarily design a block diagram of project circuit with various blocks such as a power supply block, IR LED & photo diode block and so on. After gathering components, analyze the circuit design based on working various components used. Then place the components over a solderless breadboard as per circuit diagram using connecting wires for testing the circuit working before assembling circuit on the PCB. By testing the circuit over solderless breadboard if any changes required in the circuit or ratings of the components, then alternations can be done easily without wasting money & time for replacing components or to alter circuit design.

Step3: Assembling and Soldering Components

Line Following Robotic Vehicle Expandable to Walking and Climbing Robot Project by www.edgefxkits.com
Line Following Robotic Vehicle Expandable to Walking and Climbing Robot Project by 

Thus, after analyzing the circuit design, assemble the components as per circuit diagram over the PCB. Then, solder the circuit using soldering gun & soldering wire by following proper soldering guidelines. Connect all the parts of the robot properly to form a line follower robot as shown in the above image and glue the parts of robotic vehicle, if required.

Step4: Working of Line Follower Robot

The IR transmitter and photo diode are used as a photo sensor pair which can be used for detecting the specified path for the movement of line follower robot while walking & climbing walls. The photo sensor pair gives appropriate signals to switch the transistors for driving the motors of line follower robot.

Step5: Line Follower Robotic Vehicle with Walking and Climbing Mechanism


There are numerous robotics projects for engineering students in which line follower robotic vehicle with walking and climbing mechanism is an innovative and interesting project to design on your own by using our free eBook to design electronics projects.

The application of robotics is rapidly increasing in our day-to-day life for several functions such as industrial applications-moving or lifting heavy products, transporting within a limited area by following specific path, processing, welding, home appliances, autonomous robots, military robots for reducing human involvement & danger, collaborative robots for interacting with human such that for performing several tasks, educational robots, mobile robots and humanoids.


Are you interested in designing electronics projects on your own? Do you know how to develop humanoid robots? If you want to know more about robotics projects for engineering students, then you can post your queries, comments, ideas and suggestions in the comments section below for any technical help.

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Hi, I`m Sostenes, Electrical Technician and PLC`S Programmer.
Everyday I`m exploring the world of Electrical to find better solution for Automation. I believe everyday can become a Electrician with the right learning materials.
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