Teardown Tuesday: Metal Detector!

In this Teardown Tuesday, we are going to take a look at the inner workings of a metal detector intended for security applications.

Metal detectors have a wide range of uses: from security to food processing to hobbyist treasure hunting. This particular metal detector is made by “EASYNEW”, model GC-101H, and is intended for security purposes. This is a relatively cheap metal detector that can be purchased for less than $30 where some metal detectors can cost in the $100s or $1000s.
Let's find out what's inside.

EASYNEW Metal Detector!
The metal detector used in this teardown. Image courtesy of DHgate.

Opening it up!


Screws on the metal detector
The screws holding together the metal detector

Opening this metal detector is very simple. Six coarse-threaded Phillips head screws keep everything together. Keeping the battery door on is a machine screw.
Once the six screws were removed, the metal detector was easily opened.

Circuit Board


The PCB in the metal detector
The PCB in the metal detector

The metal detector uses a two-sided PCB with green solder mask. Silkscreen is absent from both sides of the PCB. The board is mixed (SMD and through-hole) construction with all of the components on the top of the PCB.

Power Supply


The 9v battery in the metal detector
The 9v battery that powers the detector

Powering this metal detector is a typical 9v battery. The device draws 5mA when turned on, 70mA during an alert in vibration mode, and 33mA during an alert in audio mode. Depending on the frequency of alerts and battery chemistry, an on-time of up to 240 hours can be achieved.

The 7805 voltage regulator
The 7805 linear voltage regulator

To provide a more stable voltage to the electronics, a 5v linear regulator is used. This device uses a 7805 voltage regulator in an SOT-223 package.

Search Coil


The search coil inside the metal detector
The search coil

In order to detect metallic objects, the metal detector relies on a large loop of wire. There is a multi-turn potentiometer to adjust the sensitivity of the metal detector.

The sensitivity adjustment potentiometer

User IOs


The Metal Detector LEDS
The user interface LEDs

In order to alert the user to the presence of metal, this detector employees a whole slew of UI. Packed in this metal detector is a loud buzzer, a green power LED, an orange low-battery LED, a red alert LED, and a vibration motor.

The 2300kHz speaker

To alert the presence of metal a buzzer can be used. This buzzer has the part number TMB12A05 printed on it. This buzzer emits a 2300kHz tone at 85db. This buzzer is powered by 5v and can draw up to 30mA.

Conclusion


The metal detector PCB


This metal detector is a relatively basic model. For example, there are far more complicated metal detectors that rely on Very Low-Frequency transmitters, GPS systems, and the ability to discriminate different types of metals. At less than $30, though, it does detect metal well and works for its intended application.
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Hi, I`m Sostenes, Electrical Technician and PLC`S Programmer.
Everyday I`m exploring the world of Electrical to find better solution for Automation. I believe everyday can become a Electrician with the right learning materials.
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